Money has been written as ‘money’ ever since the beginning of Korean records, and there has been no change in word form. They do not use other words in tongues either. However, in the central dialect, money is pronounced as dun. The etymology of money is difficult to guess.Money is derived from the verb ‘to turn’, and it is often said that it means to move around without staying in one place, but it should be regarded as a folk etymology. In Chinese characters, it is called 錢.From 『Hunmongjahoe 訓蒙字會』, I read this letter as ‘donjeon’. The history of using the word ‘money’ is long. The words ‘gold’ and ‘golden’ are used interchangeably with money.In the proverb, it emphasizes the power of money and shows a disapproving reaction.
It is said that ‘money is nobleman’, ‘money is business’, ‘money is Zhuge Liang’ and the power of money is great.’If you have a lot of money, you do business well, and if your sleeves are long, you can dance well’, pointing out the situation where a person’s ability has become less important. ‘If you have money, you can buy a virgin’s balls’, ‘If you have money, even a ghost can work’, ‘If you have money, even a dog will be dumbfounded.’ subtly expresses concern.When you don’t have money, you talk a lot about money. It is said that ‘Without money, it is a mountain of silence, and if you have money, it is a mountain of gold.’ However, it is difficult to earn money, so they say, ‘My hands sweat when I hold a penny’, and they say, ‘The corner with money is the corner where you die’.As the saying goes, ‘Leave money and eat money’, money cannot be earned through hard work.That’s why they say ‘no one will spit on money’, but I don’t respect rich people. In particular, poor people who earn money but do not spend it, such as miserly children, miserable children, and mistresses, are subject to criticism and satire.
It is said that spending money is more difficult than earning it, so they say, ‘Even if money is dirty, spend it cleanly’, ‘Earn money like a dog and spend it like a winner’.There are also many lessons that teach people to keep their duty properly when they are not obsessed with money. The motto, ‘Look at gold like a stone’, is widely known as it was left to Choi Young (崔瑩) by his father when he passed away.The aphorism that people are more important than money is to say, ‘People come with money, or money comes with people.’ There is also a saying, ‘Teach your children to write without thinking about saving money.’Luck that makes money is called ‘luck’. Jaesu says ‘yes’ or ‘no’. The words ‘luck seems to flow’ and ‘luck seems to be fire’ mean that there is luck, and ‘luck seems to come and go’ and ‘luck seems to come up.’
There are more funny proverbs about not having luck than having luck. It is said that ‘even if an unlucky man falls backwards, he will break his nose.’ Even longer than this, it is said that ‘a catcher who is unlucky does not talk about a bear even if he catches a bear, and a service person who does not have good luck does not give a damn even if he learns the gwamun (卦文)’.We think luck is luck, so we try to find out by fortune-telling, and we try to get it through religious acts.
In shamanic exorcism, there is good fortune, and in Buddhism, there is a wish for good luck or bad luck. Jaesugut is one of the representative forms of exorcism performed at home. If there is no special reason such as someone sick or someone dead, the house exorcism is usually a good fortune.It is believed that luck is governed by Seongju, and fortune-telling is performed in January or October for Seongju, which is enshrined in the daecheong, a sacred place in the family. In recent years, people in the transportation industry often perform this exorcism to prevent accidents. Putting a pig’s head on the gut and offering money to symbolize good fortune has a special meaning in this exorcism.The shaman holds two cow legs and pretends to scrape fortune.
When the shaman performs an exorcism, even the onlookers put money on the exorcism table, bet it, and put it on the shaman’s face. It is a way to pay the shaman, and it is believed that the person who pays it is lucky. The shaman collects the money as the incarnation of a spirit.When the grim reaper comes, he not only serves food and prepares shoes, but there is also a procedure to use money for recognition. Money is also attached to the documents that shamans attach to their backs when they go to the afterlife as guardians of the dead.It is interesting to believe that money has power even in the afterlife. It is believed that even those who die and go to the afterlife need pocket money, and in that case, paper money is prepared, burned, and sent to the afterlife.
In 『Samguk Yusa』, it is said that while holding a memorial service for his dead sister, Master Wolmyeong composed and sang 「Jemangmae’s Song of the Bride and Sisters」, and suddenly a gust of wind blew the paper money to the west. West means the Western Pure Land, where the dead sister goes. It can be seen that the shamanic ritual of sending money to the underworld was related to Buddhism from an early age.